Rajasthan Vidyapeeth in the erstwhile Mewar state dedicated to the objective to educate poorest to the poor in the Tribal area, it began its journey in 1937 as Hindi Vidyapeeth and became Rajasthan Vidyapeeth in 1948.
Vidyapeeth with a mission to literate those who have no access to education and thus made literacy a non formal education programme as the mission for the economical and social development people of rural areas.
The founder, Manishi Pt. Janardan Rai Nagar began innovation in 1937 with founding an institution for adult and continuing education and also school in deep secret tribal area of Udaipur. The institute for research on the history, literature and culture of Rajasthan began in 1941. The institute in 1948 began the publication of research journal. It also brought out valuable research reports and numerous bibliographies useful for the research worker. They have rare books of Sanskrit, Prakrit, Dingal, Hindi and Rajasthani Language.
In 1941, the institute for urban social and mass communication named Janpad. The institution began to provide creative citizenship education, foresters civic sense and develop higher values and provide platform for literacy and cultural activities.
Vidyapeeth also entered into the field of Cultural and folk-dances and music by founding institution name Kumbha Kala Kendra in 1941.
From 1947 to 1960 renovation was done in education through rural community development programme, training, dissemination of community welfare work through community centers in various villages of tribal area and school as well as college. The schools and college specially impart school education and higher education in the evening for the students of working class during the day time in Udaipur as well as in Ajmer.
In 1959 the school of social work to provide professional training in the field of labour and industrial relations, rural welfare, family and child welfare was established as a post graduate college.
In 1966 the college for teachers training was founded in a rural background, 20 km away from the city. The teachers training programme is also taken up in Ajmer in 1971 especially for girls in the name of Haribhau upadhyaya to give teachers training to the girls of the rural area. In 1987 looking to the Vidyapeeth’s making excellent innovative work in the field of community and higher education especially in adult education, recognised these institutions and given status of University by the government of India, now known as JRN RV (D) U.
The Parent Body was graced by eminent educationist and national personalities namely, Mahapandit Rahul Sanskrityayan, Dr. Suniti Kumar Chatterjee, Maharana Shri Bhopal Singh ji of Mewar, Shrigopal Ji Mohta, Shri Haribhau Upadhyay (Freedom fighter), Dr. Shrimannarayan, Padmabhushan Dr. Karan Singh of Kashmir, Late Manishi Pt. Janardan Rai Nagar and Prof. Bahwani Shankar Garg.
The Parent Body looking its innovaive work in the field of education received Public Folk and Cultural Award in 1983, FICCI Award for Rural Development in 1984. National Child Development Award in 1986 and Nehru Literacy Award to its founder Pt. Janardan Rai Nagar (1980), Prof. Bahwani Shankar Garg (2002), the Chancellor and Shri bhai Bhagwan the social worker of the institution.