About Department




To become World Class Research Center with the basic idea of our institution: SARASWATI DEVYANTO HAVANTE




To study cultural heritage, traditional science and technology of the Aravallis with holistic approach.



Sahitya Sansthan (Institute of Rajasthan Studies), established way back in 1941, is a constituent unit of Janardan Rai Nagar Rajasthan Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be a University), Udaipur. It was raised to work on ancient literature (both desi and margi), Sanskrit, and cultural heritage. Jannu Bhai (Janardan Rai Nagar), founder of the institute as well university, was a visionary who encouraged popularizing Hindi as a national language right from the beginning. He was a freedom fighter, poet, writer, social worker and had deep understanding of philosophy of democracy, which reflected in the administrative set up of Vidyapeeth prior to the status of University. The creation of a research institute was/ is an innovative idea in the university. It was initially known as Prachin Sodh Vibhag and subsequently renamed as Sahitya Sansthan in the fifties of the last century. In the year 1986 a UGC inspection team suggested to rename the institute as Institute of Rajasthan Studies, since the faculty was mostly focused on the academia in Rajasthan. It is therefore this new name was also added to the old one.


Several luminaries e.g., Purshottam Lal Menaria, Bhagwati Lalji Bhatt, Girdhari Lal Sharma, Prithvi Singh Mehta, Bhagwat Sharan Upadhyay, Gouri Shankar Hira Chand Ojha, Raghuveer Singh, Laxmi Lal Joshi, Moti Lalji Menaria, Kanhaiya Lal Sahal, Sri Narottam Das Swami, Nathu Lal Bhagirath Vyas, Bhola Shanker Vyas, Vipin Bihari Bajpai, Udai Singh Bhatnagar, Kavirao Mohan Singh, Dashrath Sharma, Jhabbarmalla Sharma, Agar Chand Nahata, Saaval Dan Asia, Ratan Lal Jain, Roop Singh, Yogesh chandra Sharma and so on had direct or indirect association with the institute.



Organising regional and national conference such as Rajasthan Sahitya Sammelan (1942) and Akhil Bhartiya Hindi Sahitya Sammelan (1945) and beginning publications in 1942 was simply an achievement. It is because the institution the then was known as Hindi Vidyapeeth and the freedom struggle was on the high heels. Obviously the language was also a question of our identity. Several stalwarts of the discipline like Sri Kanhaiyalal Manikyalal Munshi, Purshottam Das Tandon, Moolichandra Sharma and others participated these conferences.


The publication of a research journal (quaterly) begun in the year 1948, which continues even today. Of course, it has now become biannual and it is focused on History, culture, languages like Rajasthani, Hindi, Sanskrit and Archaeology. Apart from this, there are over 110 books, belonging to Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Folk culture and History and Archaeology, to the credit of the institute.


In the forties and fifties of the last century thousands of old Rajasthani folk songs known as Dingal geet, ancient manuscripts (hand written books ranging from 14th to 19th century) were collected in the institute from various parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Thanks to the hardworking the then workers of the institute for such pioneering work. Apart from this several inscriptions and icons were also housed to study the cultural heritage. Subsequently, in the second half of the last century many of these manuscripts such as Prithvi Raj Raso, Dursa Adha, Guman Granthavali, Amar Kavyam, Narayan Vilas were edited and published the competent faculty of the institute. The founder, Jannu Bhai, consistently provided a huge support for such noble work.


In the early nineties of the last century, regular teaching and training course and exploration and scientific excavation in Archaeology were added to the department of archaeology and History in the Institute. Being a constituent unit of the University it was possible to collaborate with several Indian and foreign universities such as University of Pennsylvania, USA, New Hampshire University, USA, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow, UP, Deccan College, Pune and so on.


Systematic and scientific field archaeology begun in the year 1993 when Sahitya Sansthan collaborated with Deccan College, Pune to excavate Balathal, an Ahar Culture (Bronze Age site) site in Udaipur district. Following this, a number of Bronze and Iron Age sites were undertaken for excavation independently or in collaboration with Indian or foreign university of research institute (s) e.g., Chhatrikhera, Pachmata, Iswal, Jawasia, Chandravati, Kanmer and so on. Besides these, a number of systematic explorations were also undertaken across Rajasthan, parts of Gujarat and Haryana. Today cultural material of over 70 sites is housed in the institute.


There are a few prominent chairs in the institute such as Suryamal Misran (1943), Gaurisankar Hirachand Ojha (1951), Munshi Prem Chand (1978), Kalidas (1987), Kavirao Mohan Singh (2014) and Meera (2018).



Staff List 1941 to 2016


Click here to download Staff List 1941 to 2016


Directors List


Family of Sahitya shansthan








parv and jayntiya
1st January, 2018